October 21, 2020

Social Security Calculator – How Much Will You Get?

As a person works through their life they pay into the Social Security System. This system provides a partial retirement income, for people, based on the amount they have contributed to the system and the credits that are earned. The amount paid into the system depends on what the person’s salary was during their work life. The figures are compiled and the total amount of the benefit check is calculated based on a social security calculator system.

Those who have earned a high salary, for a long time, will receive a higher benefit check then those who have worked at low paying jobs. The SS website has a quick calculator, online calculator and downloadable calculator anyone can use to figure their benefits. This as an easy way to determine the amount of the benefit.

Benefits depend on how much one has earned, their age, and their citizenship. Currently, a person can apply for Social Security benefits at the age of 61 years nine months. This is not the official retirement age. People who qualify for benefits, and apply at this age, will receive a lower benefit amount then they would if they waited. The only benefit of doing this is that they receive a check over a longer period of time.

The age at which one receives full benefits depends on their date of birth. Those who were born in 1937 or earlier can get full retirement at age 65. Those born in 1960 or later must be 67 years of age to get the maximum amount. A person born between 1938 and 1959 has their benefits calculated on an age chart.

To be able to qualify for benefits a person must earn a certain number of credits during their work lifetime. This is determined partially by the date of one’s birth. Those born in 1929 or later need 40 credits(or 10 years of work) and those born before 1929 need fewer than 40 credits.

When a person pays Social Security taxes they earn a maximum of four credits a year. These credits have been calculated at the years before 1978 and after 1978. Prior June 1978, credits were calculated on a three month basis. A credit was received if at least $50.00 was earned during that quarter. Since 1978, earnings have been reported once a year with credits being based on total wages, or self employment income, for the entire year. This way a person might earn the needed credits in a short period of time or over the entire year.

In 2010 a person must earn $1,120 to get one Social Security credit, and $4,480 to receive the maximum of four. It is the average earnings over the entire working years that determine the monthly benefit. Extra credits do not increase the benefit. Over $100,000 of wages are now charged Social Security taxes each year.

The total work years needed to be eligible for retirement benefits, for people born in 1929 or later is 10 years. Those born before 1929 need fewer work years. There are survivors benefits for certain members of a family if the deceased has worked at least 10 years. If the deceased is young and has worked at least 1-1/2 years, in the three years prior to their death, survivors’ benefits may also be paid.

Also, the government provides handy online Social Security Calculators for you to find out how much you’ll receive, as well as plan ahead for retirement:  http://www.ssa.gov/planners/calculators.htm

How To Get Social Security Benefits

To get Social Security benefits the applicant needs to go online, or to the nearest social security benefits office, to receive and make out an application. To be eligible, a person must have earned money and made payments into the system that the work. This money can come from wages, self employment, military service, railroad earnings, household employment, government employment, farm work, nonprofit/religious organizations or work outside the United States. A person must have paid into the system in order to receive benefits from it.

There are certain rules about applying for SS benefits. The applicant must have reached the age of 61 years and nine months in order to apply. It is necessary to apply for benefits a minimum of four months prior to start of payments. It is advised that, even if not applying for benefits that a person to sign up for Medicare six months before their 65th birthday.

In applying for these benefits the applicant will be asked to provide certain documents. Those documents would include a birth certificate and another document to prove age, U.S. citizenship, and identity. A Social Security card must also be presented.

If the name on the birth certificate is not the same as on the Social Security card, then one must show proof as to why there is a difference. For example, a marriage or an adoption certificate. All of documents presented must have original certification. No photocopies are accepted. A person will also be asked to provide bank information as Social Security checks are mailed directly to bank accounts, or if preferred, a person can sign up for a direct express card program. In this case the check is sent to the card.

If a person does not have a Social Security card or wishes to change information on their record, such as a name change, correction, birth date or other information, they must provide proof of identity, papers to support the change, and establish a valid reason. On occasion they might be required to prove identity of their prior name as well as their new, legal name. Proof must be provided to show U.S. citizenship or current lawful, work-authorized status.

There are rules regarding when can receive these benefit payments. The earliest age they can be received is 62, but at less benefits. Under SS rules the age varies as to when you can get full benefits. If you were born in 1937 or earlier you can get full retirement at age 65. If you were born in 1960 or later you must be 67 years of age to get full benefits. A chart is available on the Social Security website for those who were born between 1938 and 1959.

If someone retires earlier than their official retirement age they will receive a monthly check. The payments are, of course, less than if they waited. Some people rationalize that by retiring early they will get the payments for a longer period of time then if they waited until the official date.

It is possible to continue working after starting to receive Social Security benefit payments. A person is allowed to earn a certain amount, currently $12,480.00, at which point security payments will be reduced as long as they are working. Once they reach their regular retirement age is a reached, they will receive Social Security payments no matter how much they work.

An Introduction to Social Security Benefits

Social Security is a federal program that impacts the lives of nearly every American. While most beneficiaries of Social Security are retirees and their families, this program also pays benefits to:

  • People who are disabled;
  • Survivors of workers who are deceased; and
  • Dependents of beneficiaries.

How does Social Security work?

When you work, a portion of your paycheck is taken to pay taxes to Social Security. It is important to understand that this money is not held in an account for your personal use, but is used to pay benefits to those who are currently Social Security beneficiaries. Any money that is unused is transferred to the Social Security trust funds for future use.

When are you eligible to receive Social Security Benefits?

  • For retirees: If you choose to retire at full retirement age, you automatically become eligible to receive your full Social Security retirement benefits. If you choose to retire before reaching full retirement age, you will receive reduced benefits for the rest of your life. As the full retirement age varies with the year of your birth, please visit http://www.socialsecurity.gov/pubs/ageincrease.htm to find out your full retirement age.
  • For the disabled: Should you become unable to work to due to an injury or illness, you may meet Social Security disability requirements and therefore be eligible to collect Social Security disability benefits at any age. For more information on collecting Social Security disability, please visit: ____________
  • For the survivors of workers who are deceased: Widows, widowers, children of deceased workers and parents of deceased workers are in some cases able to collect Social Security benefits.
  • For dependents: The family members of a worker are in some cases eligible to receive benefits. This may include a spouse, an ex-spouse or a child.

If you are unsure about whether or not you qualify to receive benefits, you may wish to access BEST, the Benefits Eligibility Screening Tool. This service, offered by the Social Security Administration, will help you better determine if you are entitled to receive Social Security benefits.  Please visit BEST at: http://www.benefits.gov/ssa/

Can you receive Social Security benefits if you are still working?

You can continue to work while receiving retirement benefits. Note that if you are younger than the current full retirement age and earn more than a certain amount, your monthly benefits will be reduced. Once you reach the full retirement age, your benefits will be increased to make up for previously lost benefits.

How will your Social Security benefits impact your retirement financially?

Social Security is only intended to replace about 40 percent of an average wage earner’s income after retirement. As such, Social Security is meant to act as a supplement to the funds provided by savings, investments and private pensions.

For a quick estimate of your potential Social Security benefits, please visit: www.socialsecurity.gov/estimator.

For a more detailed calculation of your potential Social Security benefits, please visit: www.socialsecurity.gov/planners.

How do you apply for Social Security benefits?

To apply for Social Security benefits, one must complete an application and provide the requested documentation. Please visit http://www.ssa.gov/onlineservices/ to apply online or contact your local Social Security office to apply in person. A directory of Social Security offices can be found at: https://secure.ssa.gov/apps6z/FOLO/fo001.jsp

What documentation will you need to provide when you apply for benefits?

As mentioned above, when you apply for benefits, the Social Security Administration will ask you to provide certain documents. In doing so, it is crucial to make sure that your documents are originals or copies certified by the issuing office, as photocopies will not be accepted.

The following is a list of documents that you may need when filing for Social Security benefits:

  • A Social Security card;
  • A birth certificate;
  • Your children’s birth certificates and Social Security numbers;
  • Proof of U.S. citizenship or lawful immigration status if you (or a child) were not born in the United States;
  • Your spouse’s birth certificate and Social Security number;
  • Marriage certificate
  • Military discharge papers; and
  • Your most recent W-2 form, or your tax return, if you are self-employed.

Questions about Social Security?

Should you have questions regarding the application or appeals process, you may call 1-800-772-1213 toll-free. Should you be deaf or hard of hearing, you may call TTY 1-800-325-0778. These lines are available from 7a.m. to 7p.m., Monday through Friday.

For more information, visit http://www.socialsecurity.gov/